Monitoring Tool for Steel Continuous Casting Mold.
CITMAga, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, SISSA
To properly monitor a continuous casting mold, to know the mold-steel heat flux is crucial. This quantity is not measurable directly, so the objective of this project was to estimate it given some pointwise temperature measurements provided by thermocouples located in the interior of the mold plates.
Challenges and goals
This data assimilation problem comes under the category of inverse problems. As such, it is an ill-posed problem that requires regularization techniques for its solution. In general, these techniques are very computationally expensive but, being this a monitoring problem, we require the estimation of the mold-steel heat flux in real-time.
Then, the goal of this project is to develop novel methodologies meet the real-time requirement of the project.
Mathematical and computational methods
We can divide this problem in three phases: modelling the heat transfer in the mold, solve the data assimilation problem, and achieve real-time performances. In modelling the mold, we had the mold plates as computational domain and a heat conduction model. For the estimation of the heat flux, we used a deterministic, optimal control framework. In this framework, we exploited a parameterization of the sought heat flux with the objective of reducing the computational costs and regularize the problem. Finally, to achieve real-time performances, we developed novel model order reduction techniques.
Results and Benefits
We equipped the company with a mathematical tool that provides excellent estimations of the mold-steel heat flux in réal-time. This real-time estimation allows a fast detection of dangerous casting issues and the monitoring of the genera mold behaviour. Finally, unlike all previous methods, the developed one does not rely on the caster operator experience and can be applied on any mold geometry.